Rare-earth elements and yttrium by Christine M Moore

Cover of: Rare-earth elements and yttrium | Christine M Moore

Published by Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines in Washington .

Written in English

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  • Rare earths.,
  • Rare earth metals,
  • Yttrium

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementChristine M. Moore, Bureau of Mines
SeriesMineral commodity profiles -- MCP
ContributionsUnited States. Bureau of Mines
The Physical Object
Pagination16 p. :
Number of Pages16
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13602946M

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This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum. Rare Earths Statistics and Information The rare earths are a relatively abundant group of Rare-earth elements and yttrium book elements composed of scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides.

The elements range in crustal abundance from cerium, the 25th most abundant element of the 78 common elements in the Earth's crust at 60 parts per million, to thulium and lutetium, the least.

Rare-earth elements and yttrium. Washington: Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Christine. Yttrium has very similar chemical properties to the lanthanides in the second group and, although it is not itself a lanthanide (having no/- electrons), it is generally included with the lanthanides in the group of elements known as the rare-earth elements (REE).

Rare-earth element, any member of the Rare-earth elements and yttrium book of chemical elements consisting of three elements in Group 3 (scandium [Sc], yttrium [Y], and lanthanum [La]) and the first extended row of elements below the main body of the periodic table (cerium [Ce] through lutetium [Lu]).

The elements cerium through lutetium are called the lanthanides, but many scientists also, though. This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, pro.

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This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium. Rare earth elements (REEs) including fifteen lanthanides, yttrium and scandium are found in more than minerals, worldwide.

REEs are used in various high-tech applications across various Author: Mubashir Mehmood. Rare earth elements (REEs) form a chemically uniform group with very similar physical and chemical properties.

The REEs include the elements. Global Supply of Rare Earth Elements Global Rare Earth Reserves1 (E) Million Tonnes 48% 17% 11% Mt Australia Mt India 22 Mt Others 19 Mt CIS 13 Mt U.S.A. 3% 1% 20% 55 Mt China China accounts for 48% reservesFile Size: 1MB. Rare earth elements ("REEs") are a set of seventeen chemical include the fifteen lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium.

Scandium and yttrium are rare earth elements since they are often found in the same ore deposits as the lanthanides and have similar chemical properties. Although they are called rare, rare earth elements are not extremely rare on Earth.

of rare-earth elements may occur; • Trends in the supply and demand of rare-earth elements domestically and internationally; • How undisturbed and mined rare-earth deposits interact with the environment.

List of the rare-earth elements found Cited by: The lanthanide series of rare earth elements (REEs), whose atomic numbers range from 57 thro are listed in Box D Scandium and yttrium are also often included in lists of REEs. All except promethium occur in nature. Lanthanum through samarium, as well as scandium and yttrium, are often.

There is a great deal of uncertainty for the future of rare-earth production. Rare-earths are a collection of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, which include scandium and yttrium as well as the 15 lanthanides, such as dysprosium and ytterbium.

Rare Earth Elements for Emerging Technologies summer 15 lanthanide elements (atomic numbers 57–71), yttrium, and scandium. They are commonly divided into two chemical groups: the more abundant light rare earth elements (lanthanum through europium)File Size: 3MB. This book deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series of elements (lanthanum Brand: J.H.L.

Voncken. Yttrium has been in the news lately, here is some info on the Rare earth element. Buy Metals for your IRA or for piece of mind w. Rare earth oxides were found to totally dissolve in the ionic liquid at elevated temperatures, and high recovery of rare earth elements and base metals was achieved by leaching the bauxite residue.

Selectivity in leaching rare earth elements instead of iron depended on the temperature of leaching, whereas good selectivity was achieved by. The rare earth elements (REEs) are comprised of the lanthanide elements plus scandium and yttrium, which have similar physical properties and are often found in the same ores and deposits.

Specifically, REEs include the light REEs (LREEs) such as lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, samarium, europium, and the heavy REEs (HREEs. Rare earth elements-bearing minerals, once separated, contain as many as 14 individual rare earth elements (lanthanides and yttrium) that must be further separated and refined.

The complexity of extracting and refining rare earth elements is illustrated by a metallurgical flow sheet for the Mountain Pass mine in California (fig.

@article{osti_, title = {Sc, Y, La-Lu - Rare Earth Elements}, author = {Not Available}, abstractNote = {At present extensive efforts are being made in completing work on system number Rare Earth Elements. Part A is devoted to the occurrence of these elements on the earth and in the universe.

Part B deals with the pure metals; the 7 volumes published cover the. Other deposits include hematite-breccia complex deposits, magmatic-hydrothermal uranium in iron-oxide Cu-Au deposits and quartz-pebble conglomerate deposits (World Nuclear, ).

Thorium is mined in conjunction with uranium, so much that estimates of reserves for these elements are made based off of uranium content. Yttrium, cerium, lanthanum, europium and terbium are used to manufacture cathode ray tubes and flat panel display screens.

China imported more rare earth elements in and the first quarter. What are the rare earth elements. The rare earth elements (REE) are a group of seventeen metallic elements - the fifteen lanthanides, with atomic numbers 57 (lanthanum, La) to 71 (lutetium, Lu), together with yttrium (Y, atomic number 39) and scandium (Sc, atomic number 21).

All have similar chemical properties. The lower atomic weight elementsFile Size: KB. Marine phosphorites are known to concentrate rare earth elements and yttrium (REY) during early diagenetic formation. Much of the REY data available are decades old and incomplete, and there has not been a systematic study of REY distributions in marine phosphorite deposits that formed over a range of oceanic environments.

Consequently, we initiated this study to determine if Cited by:   Greetings from the Science History Institute Book Club. Here at the Institute we’ve spent the last year investigating the rare earth elements. It seemed only natural, then, for the book club to read up on them.

We chose Rare: The High-Stakes Race to Satisfy Our Need for the Scarcest Metals on Earth by Keith Veronese. Rare earth elements and yttrium in geothermal fluids Abstract The series of rare earth elements and yttrium (REY) is a useful tool in tracing the origin of fluids, which is fundamental in understanding any fluid-rock system.

The suite of REY enables to study the source of fluids, the state of equilibrium in water-rockFile Size: KB. The 17 rare earth elements, or lanthanides, consist of elements 21 (scandium), 39 (yttrium), and 57 (lanthanum) to 71 (lutetium).

The rare earths were so named because of their low concentration in minerals which were scarce. Extraction and separation of rare-earth elements and yttrium with dodecyl phosphoric acid-kerosine solvent [Eisele, J.

G.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Extraction and separation of rare-earth elements and yttrium with dodecyl phosphoric acid-kerosine solventAuthor: J. Eisele. Rare earth elements (REE) plus yttrium (REY) are known to concentrate in marine phosphorite deposits during their formation, primarily through early diagenetic processes where carbonates are replaced by carbonate fluorapatite (CFA), which also precipitates in void space (e.g., [1,2]).However, much of the REY data available in the literature are decades old and Cited by: Stolpe B, Guo L, Shiller AM.

Binding and transport of rare earth elements by organic and iron-rich nanocolloids in Alaskan rivers, as revealed by field-flow fractionation and ICP-MS. Geochim Cosmochim Acta.

; – doi: /ed by:   Rare Earth Elements: • Yttrium is used in laser technology, superconductors and microwave filters. • Neodymium is used in magnets, laser technology and radiation : Ross Toro. Seventeen elements form the group known as the Rare Earth Elements (REEs): the 15 lanthanides, yttrium, and usually scandium.

Current uses include catalytic converters, computers, cell phones, high-temperature magnets, batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles, medical devices, and military applications such as missiles, jet engines, and. Rare earth elements are peppered throughout your phone, from the glass display, making it harder, to magnets in speakers, headphones, and vibrating motors, making them more powerful despite their Author: Ainissa Ramirez.

The rare earth elements include metals with unusual-sounding names such as neodymium, cerium, ytterbium and europium; many belong to the lanthanide series in the periodic table.

The term “rare earth” is a misnomer as many rare earths are in fact fairly common. The physical and chemical properties of rare earths make.

Rare Earth Element Abundances “Rare” earth elements is a historical misnomer; persistence of the term reflects unfamiliarity rather than true rarity. The more abundant REE are each similar in crustal concentration to commonplace industrial metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, or lead (fig.

The global rare earth elements market size was valued at USD billion in and is estimated to witness a CAGR of % from to Cerium, neodymium, lanthanum, praseodymium, yttrium, and dysprosium are the most commonly used rare earth elements.

This book, writtenby J.H.L. Voncken, deals with the rare earth elements (REE), which are a series of 17 transition metals: scandium, yttrium and the lanthanide series. They are relatively unknown to the wider public, despite their numerous applications and their critical role in. two groups: light rare earth elements (LREEs)—lanthanum through europium (atomic numbers ) and the heavier rare earth elements (HREEs)—gadolinium through lutetium (atomic numbers ).

Yttrium is typically classified as a heavy. Rare earth elements in the periodic table. Rare earth elements comprise the 15 lanthanides (yellow), yttrium (orange) and scandium (red). The term “rare earth element” is really a misnomer. Apart from the exceedingly scarce and radioactive promethium, most of the rare earth elements are relatively abundant in the earth’s : David Tilley.

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